Cancer Keys: Prostate cancer and family history
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Welcome to Cancer Keys, a regular bite-sized learning column brought to you by GatewayC in collaboration with Cancer Research UK.
Prostate cancer and family history
Family history can play a helpful role within a potential prostate cancer diagnosis, when symptoms alone can be vague.
Some of the early symptoms of prostate cancer could be associated with a less serious condition, such as a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
A man is two and a half times more likely to get prostate cancer if he has a first-degree relative who has been diagnosed with prostate cancer. The risk is higher if a relative was diagnosed under the age of 60 or if he has more than one relative with prostate cancer. Furthermore, prostate cancer risk is 19-24% higher in men whose mother has/had breast cancer.
Therefore, it is very important to ask a patient presenting with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) about their family history of prostate or breast cancer. In addition, NICE advised to suspect prostate cancer in men who have LUTS, such as frequency, urgency, hesitancy, terminal dribbling and/or overactive bladder.