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Cancer Keys: Differentiation of the Cs in Lung Cancer: Cancer vs COVID-19
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Lung cancer is the 3rd most common cancer in the UK, yet the most common route to diagnosis is through emergency presentation. COPD and Lung Cancer Pre-existing conditions, such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), can increase a person’s risk of lung...
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Overlapping lung cancer and COVID-19 symptoms means that the message to patients about early diagnosis is negated by the messages necessary to control the COVID pandemic.
Consider the following action if a patient presents with features more suggestive of lung cancer and overlapping symptoms of a cough, breathlessness and fatigue:
- Arrange an urgent nasal/oropharyngeal swab for SARS-CoV-2 PCR and if negative:
- Refer for Chest X-ray or direct to lung cancer service for CT and triage on the National Optimal Lung Cancer Pathway
- If PCR positive, manage according to current COVID-19 guidelines and review after 2 weeks if hospital admission not required; consider 2 week wait referral in patient recovered from COVID-19 in whom lung cancer suspected
- If symptoms require urgent attention, consider emergency admission
Please note: the NICE NG12 guideline recommends offering an urgent chest X‑ray (to be performed within 2 weeks) to assess for lung cancer in people aged 40 and over if they have 2 or more of the following unexplained symptoms, or if they have ever smoked and have 1 or more of the following unexplained symptoms including a cough, fatigue and shortness of breath.
Evison, M. et al (2020) Differentiation of the Cs in lung cancer: Cancer vs Covid-19. Available at: https://www.healthylondon.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Differentiation-of-the-Cs-in-lung-cancer_-Cancer-vs.-COVID.pdf (Accessed 29 June 2020).
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Read the NICE NG12 guideline here